To get started on Twitch you don’t need to invest much in gear as a beginner. Many streamers are able to use a PC they already own and just add a microphone and a camera. While this is a good place to start, upgrading your stream setup is essential for improving your channel and attracting more Twitch viewers.
As you grow and start receiving your first Twitch payouts set aside some funds to reinvest in your set-up as your channel grows. After a good mic and webcam, you should get a good light to decrease the shadows of your face and surrounding areas. Following that, continue to upgrade your equipment and invest in products that have been created specifically to help streamers maximize their shows.
Both novice and professional streamers use a combination of the following equipment:
1. Gaming Pc
When you first start, using a single gaming PC streaming setup is just fine. While you won’t be able to stream at a higher quality, people will be attracted to you as long as you are entertaining.
As you grow, set aside funds for a second PC. When you are ready for your dual PC setup, use one of your PCs for gaming and the other to process your streaming. This will allow you to broadcast at a higher FPS and quality. When you make the leap to two systems, you will also need a capture card so that your stream stays smooth.
You can build your own custom streaming PC to ensure that you get exactly what you need to broadcast at your best quality.
Find a webcam designed to both record and stream as some are designed to do one or the other. Make sure that it takes in high-quality images of at least 1080p. Right now, 4k quality equipment is new and exciting and you may eventually want to upgrade to it, but your average viewer won’t be able to pick up on the difference.
Your webcam should capture video at a rate of at least 30-60 FPS. This will ensure good quality for your viewers. Logitech is a very popular webcam manufacturer.
As you grow, you may want to invest in high-quality cameras where you can capture different angles of your streaming area. These scenes can be changed through your broadcasting software or easier yet, set up with a Stream Deck (more on those later). Play with styles and angles. Look into wide-angle options and mount it in different areas in your room. Don’t forget to try out angles from both the floor and the ceiling!
There are many forms of lighting available that are small, portable, and can make a big difference. The Razer Kiyo webcam comes with a light-ring as a feature. At a minimum, your face, head, and shoulders should be lit up and clear.
If you aren’t using a green screen, use lights to illuminate your stream-area as well. Make things look interesting with RGB background lighting. There is no excuse to not give your followers a better performance.
Softbox lighting creates a mellow directional glow. They diffuse the source light and comes in a variety of shapes. These lights are very adaptable for any kind of photography or videography. They are used to minimize shadows without washing out a subject. It can also minimize the visual effects of hard lighting from fluorescent and other home lights.
Umbrella lighting is very portable and affordable. While soft lights allow you to minimize the direction of your lighting, these lights fill out a broad area. You can control the direction of these lights if you use the shoot-through variety over the reflective umbrellas. They are good for brightening an area and removing shadows.
Round lights can be easily placed behind your monitors to light up your face and torso. Many models allow you to attach your phones to them as well, which is great for streams when you aren’t at your PC. Choose one with brightness and filter levels for the best results over time.
4. Green Screen
If you have a messy space or a room that isn’t well lit, you may want to use a green screen. These will allow you to blur out your background so that it blends in with the rest of your content. If you don’t have a designated place for streaming, get one that is easy to set up or move to preserve space. Remember to avoid wearing green when you stream.
If you don’t want to use a green screen, make sure that things are neat and decorate the area behind you. Use items that relate to your stream or things that you are passionate about. This may lead to conversations with viewers. Having viewable space also allows you to potentially display sponsored items in the future.
Use lit colors as part of your backdrop in your room to subtly hint at your brand or give visual appeal to your users. They can be easily changed based on the game you are playing, the current content, or your general mood. It is also possible to allow your users to change the colors of your lights by integrating them with Lumia Stream. The program works on Twitch, Facebook Gaming, YouTube and with lights made by LifX, Nanoleaf, TpLink, Yeelight, and Philips Hue.
Audio is just as important as your visuals. You want to make sure that it is clear and that it is in sync with what your viewers are seeing. This can be easily checked and fixed through your broadcasting software. As your channel grows, set aside funds to upgrade this equipment to keep your stream sounding clear and crisp.
When you are first starting, you may need to use the microphone attached to your headset. While this works, you should look to upgrade when you can as audio is a very important aspect of your stream. When you can upgrade, look for a mic that will work best for you and your situation. The Blue Yeti is a very popular microphone among both new and experienced streamers.
USB mics are generally cheaper and best suited for streaming. While some XLR mics have a very good sound, they are generally more expensive for a quality that isn’t needed for these purposes. Regardless of which mic you choose, learn how it works. Look through the directions to determine where it picks up sound. One of the common user errors for mics is speaking into the wrong part.
There are a few other considerations you need to think about when you pick your mic. Where can you place it or mount it on your desk? If you are in a noisy environment, how can mute the sounds around you while having the mic pick up your voice? Look into microphones that meet your specific needs. You may need a few other accessories as well, such as a mounting device to clip it to your desk or acoustic panels. There are many variations available. Take time to choose what’s best for you and your audience.
6. Gaming Headset
Use high-quality wireless headphones if you are physically active on your stream. They let you hear what is going even when you get up from your desk. Wireless headphones are also more visually appealing to your viewers. Charge them between streams to keep your audio great. Steel Series has a great selection of wireless headsets.
Some competitive gamers prefer wired headphones because they have better latency. They will ensure that you hear sounds as they happen. Others still prefer the wireless so that they don’t have to fight the cord and they can easily get up between games without missing out on what their comrades are saying.
Be willing to invest a little more for better quality. You want to be able to hear sounds, especially if they relate to stream alerts or other viewer interactions. Better headphones can often pick up sounds that others cannot.
Make sure that they are comfortable and fit correctly. Streams last for hours and you don’t want to deal with hurting ears or an aching head. Headphones that are too large may also fall off your head and create distractions (though probably hilarious clips as well).
7. Sound Mixer
Mixers can help you manage several sources of audio. As a gamer, you can use them to manage your game audio, vocals, and the sounds of anyone you are communicating with. If you are a musician, you can adjust the sounds coming from your instruments, vocals, etc. Mixers give you full control over what your audience hears.
On the other hand, if you are satisfied with the sound and want to keep fixed settings, an audio interface would be enough for you. These will help route all your audio and adjust with some intensity controls.
8. Stream Deck
The Elgato Stream Deck is a device that allows you to easily set up keyboard shortcuts. They allow you to easily launch media, switch scenes, perform audio adjustments, quickly display pre-setup gifs or videos, and more. It is fully customizable and allows you to easily take your production to the next level. You can use your own customizations or use some that other streamers set up for yourself.
9. Gaming Keyboard
We recommend using a gaming keyboard, especially if you are gaming. Membrane keyboards operate with one large switch under the keyboard, whereas mechanical keyboards have a switch for each key. This allows the keyboard to capture and reroute keystrokes if rapid succession while maintaining accuracy. They are also typically more durable.
There are many styles of the keyboard that you can choose from. If you are using your keyboard for multiple purposes and love having the number pad, choose that. Otherwise, it might be taking up more space on your desk than necessary. Many gamers prefer smaller keyboards so that they can be quickly moved or to create more space for mouse movement. This also allows them to play in more comfortable positions.
On the other hand, if you have a keyboard with macro keys, you can set them up to manage stream transitions during your broadcasts. You should also consider how loud you want it to be. While loud “clicks” may be nice for gaming, if they are picked up over your mic, they could be too distracting for your viewers. Many mechanical keyboards give you options for this at purchase.
Wired keyboards and mice generally have better latency over wireless ones. This will give you a leg up if you are gaming competitively.
10. Gaming Mouse
Gaming mouse are generally more durable and have better sensors than standard mice. This can help improve your accuracy. Learn to check and adjust your DPI on your mouse.
Some settings work better for certain games over others. Play with them until you find what works best for you. Some mice even allow you to switch between different DPI setups with the push of a button. This would save you time if you are a variety streamer that switches between games in a single session.
Macro mice (those with extra buttons) can be used to set up scene transitions or special controls in games. They can also get in the way or be pressed accidentally. This feature is definitely up to the streamer. While they are almost always sold out, Final Mouse creates very high-end popular mice. You can also get great mice from Logitech, Corsair, and Razer.
When shopping for a mousepad, there are several features you should consider. As a streamer, you need a comfortable pad that you can use for hours at a time. A large mouse pad will provide more space so that you can adjust your position without having to move everything on your desk. Additionally, if you are a gamer, you need to have a smooth texture that allows you to engage quickly and accurately.
When looking for a streaming desk, it is important to think about everything you will need to put on it. Streamers tend to use a lot of equipment. Even if you start off small, as you grow, you will want to upgrade to a more professional setup.
Consider where it will be placed in your home and how much space you have. Deep desks allow you to have more freedom to push/pull things back and forth. L-shaped desks allow you to move around a little less when checking multiple monitors. You can also easily place cameras at different angles on these desks.
In addition to table space, think about where you will place accessories and tools when you aren’t using them. Make sure that your area can be easily cleaned to stay organized. Planning ahead will help prevent future problems and headaches. Where will you place your headset when you aren’t using it? If you keep track of ideas in a notebook, where you put it? You need to stay hydrated on stream, but you also need to protect your equipment? Where will you place your drink?
You can also create your own desk with cinder blocks, old doors, or other materials. This method allows you to create exactly what you want as far as space and height goes.
13. Gaming Chair
The most important aspect of your gaming chair is that it keeps you comfortable and in an ergonomic position for the duration of your stream. Save up and invest in a good gaming or executive chair that suits your body type and weight. If possible, purchase it in person so that you are able to test out several models.
When sitting, your hips and knees should be even when your feet are flat on the floor. Without these ergonomic features, you could eventually develop back or neck pain. Try to get adjustable armrests that will be approximately the height of your desk and keyboard.
Monitors are the most obvious piece of streaming equipment for your PC. How many monitors do you need for streaming? Many streamers use three (or more) monitors. This is to help them keep track of multiple things about their stream at once. One is generally designated for gameplay, another for chat, and the last for music, bots, and anything else relating to managing the stream.
The monitors don’t all have to be the same quality. If you have a limited budget, focus on the monitor that you will be gaming on or will use the most. The quality of others doesn’t matter much. While you may notice the frame rate differences while you game, your viewers won’t notice it as much as when it goes live.
The FPS that they see will be between 30-60. Monitors are generally faster than TVs that are hooked into computers. An alternative to a second (or third) monitor would be to use a tablet hooked to your monitor to read the chat.
Try to get the highest refresh rate that you can (this is measured in Hertz). The higher the Hz, the smoother your game will look.
Your monitors (at least your main one) should be centered and at eye level. Set up your monitor so that your eyes are aligned within the top third of the screen. This will reduce the strain on your neck.
Once you have set up your equipment, you are ready to start building your stream community. As you earn income from your channel, reinvest in it by giving your viewers perks or upgrading your equipment. Many streamers use this method to reduce out-of-pocket expenses.
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